TIPS THAT SAVE LIVES, AND SAVE THE PLANET
Here teachers give tips that can help associate your talent, focus your research work to the challenge of the solution to increase food production and at the same time, enhance sustainability.
The working world is extensive. It may be in the area of management, planning, design, informatics, and agricultural science. The important thing is that your idea will contribute to the ultimate goal: to produce more food and more sustainability.
If you are from design, you can have an idea to make the work in less harsh field. If you are from robotics, you can develop a mechanism to optimize the use of water in irrigation. If you are from agricultural sciences and your proposal entails more food with less use of scarce resources such as land, the better.
To help inspire, managers, researchers and teachers suggest some possibilities here.
1) Traceability and standardization systems, classification, and "origin" to identify the script and the origin of agricultural products at any time and at any stage of the process.
2) Development of management and research that contributes to the virtuous cycle of cabono livestock systems.
3) Integrated production in tropical climates and their management.
PROFESSOR ALBERTO PORTUGAL DUQUE
DOM CABRAL FOUNDATION AND FORMER PRESIDENT OF EMBRAPA
"The theory of induced innovation defines development as a process resulting from technological, political and institutional changes that interact synergistically, creating new opportunities and new levels of development.
These changes stem from the perception of scarcity, need, a specific input, or process.
"The advance of agriculture strongly depends on massive investments in knowledge development and capacity building efforts in financial management and costs;
Processes and people;
Management models of partnerships and strategic alliances;
Allocative efficiency - The ability to identify and allocate the largest set of production factors
Technical efficiency - the ability to get the best product (with the desired characteristics of cost, quality, time) through management or administration, set of allocated factors;
To do more with less, you need:
a) Political and institutional changes
b) Social technologies associated with the creation of intangible capital and the improvement of technical efficiency or human capacity in the use of available resources.
PROFESSOR DANIELA BIAGGIOI LOPES
INTELLIGENCE COORDINATOR AND SECRETARIAT MACROSTRATEGY (SIM), of EMBRAPA
How can agriculture benefit from the era of “big data”?
The world already live in big data, with the ability to generate, measure, collect and store amazing amounts of data, which are the raw material of knowledge. A range of emerging technologies helps organizations extract value from these large data sets, which makes it possible, for example, to infer patterns of behavior and consumption and adjust the design and product delivery logistics and services for each individual, with huge operational efficiency gains and cost.
How is work the future of agriculture?
Technological breakthroughs as the additive manufacturing (3D printing), virtual and augmented reality, mobile robots and autonomous vehicles have the potential to change work patterns in the future. These technologies potentially will improve productivity, quality and standard of products, as well as reduce the painful and unhealthy work, among other benefits.
How to be more efficient in the use of inputs?
Brazilian agriculture is very diverse as to its climate characteristics, soil and vegetation. So it was natural that there is also plurality in production systems. An inevitable fact is that the agricultural sector will be increasingly pressed to increase fertilizer use efficiency and agrochemicals in these production systems. This means that you need to produce more with a given input level, or produce the same amount, with a lower level of input use.
- Implementation of biological control of insect pests in agricultural production systems, especially fruit, to replace or complement the use of pesticides;
- Using traps with pheromones for monitoring insect populations crop pests;
- Applied to plant health inspection and animal health procedures, as part of the Agricultural Defense;
- Software and applications for improved traceability of agricultural products and to check the quality of inputs for agriculture;
- New techniques for disease control of cultivated plants and domestic animals.
PROFESSOR LUIS EDUARDO ARANHA CAMARGO Luis Eduardo Aranha Camargo
Increase in food production:
• Sustainable Increase (use of water, soil, biodiversity conservation)
• Competition for area - direct food (65%), pastures (35%), biofuels (3%)
• Impact of climate change on production
• Growing requirement of quality (eg mycotoxins, human pathogens
- Reduce post-harvest losses (40% in developing countries)
- Close loopholes in production ("yield gap")
- Factors involved in productivity losses
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Water stress
- Sub-optimal conditions of planting
- Soil fertility
- Diseases, insects and weeds
- Quality seeds
- Profit Maximization
- Aversion to risk
- Lack of knowledge of good practice
Increased production plateaus - the contribution of innovation. Examples of three areas of innovation with significant contribution:
- Information Technologies (GPS / GIS)
Information Technology in Precision Agriculture. Measure and monitor locally to integrate globally:
- Optimize spray
- Determine damage
- Genetical enhancement
- Environmental monitoring / climate
- Include information on a global scale
- Identification of areas with gaps in production
Innovation through nanoparticles: delivery systems
- Revolutionary Approach: Responsive Polymers plant and microbial enzymes
Innovation through Biotechnology:
- Cell biology
- Molecular biology
- In Vitro Propagation
- Diagnose / molecular systematics
- Detection of mutant (fungicides)
- Selection marker (pyramids)
- Induction of resistance
- Transgenic Resistance